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Published on:July 2019
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2019; 53(3):562-568
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.53.3.89

Knowledge and Attitudes about Ebola Virus Disease among Community Residents in Winchester, Virginia, US

Authors and affiliation (s):

Isha Patel1,*, Timothy Jennings1, Yun Han2, Jason Guy3, Isaac Onigbinde4, Eric Kwarteng5, Davida Eppes6, David Parker7, Mark Johnson8

1Department of Pharmacy Practice, Administration and Research, Marshall University, School of Pharmacy (MUSOP), One John Marshall Drive, Huntington, WV, USA.

2Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

3Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, The University of Findlay, Findlay, OH, USA.

4CVS Pharmacy, 2 Compass Road, Middle River, MD, USA.

5CVS Pharmacy, 66 High Ridge Rd, Stamford, CT, USA.

6Tuba City Healthcare Regional Corporation, 167 Main St, Tuba City, AZ, USA.

7UPMC Pinnacle Harrisburg Hospital, 111 S Front St, Harrisburg, PA, USA.

8Department of Pharmacy Practice, Bernard J. Dunn School of Pharmacy, Shenandoah University, 1775 N. Sector Court, Winchester, VA, USA.


Background: Educating individuals in the community is an important step in helping to improve response to disease outbreaks. This education can help reduce the spread of misinformation during an outbreak. Unfortunately, there is little information in the literature on what factors play a role in the education of individuals in the community. Methods: This cross-sectional study was designed to identify factors that could contribute to the overall knowledge of community members residing in Winchester, Virginia, US. A survey was provided to members of the community and 375 individuals completed the survey. Knowledge and attitudes regarding Ebola were tested on the survey. A score of 4 represented good knowledge of the Ebola Virus. Logistic regression was used to determine factors that could play a role in community education of Ebola. Results: The results of this study showed that higher age (OR=2.77, p<0.05) and education level (OR=6.62, p<0.01) were associated with more knowledge regarding the Ebola virus. Additionally, only 11% of community patients met the study’s classification of having good knowledge of the Ebola Virus. A majority of our participants strongly agreed that Ebola is a serious condition and communities should actively participate in controlling the risk of Ebola. Most individuals received their information on Ebola from the internet. Conclusion: The recognition of important factors can help identify patient populations that would benefit the most from enhanced education measures. The low number of patients with a good knowledge of the Ebola virus also presents additional challenges to help better educate and engage the community at large.

Key words: Ebola Virus Disease, Transmission, Public health, Disease outbreaks, Humans, Health knowledge.




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Impact Factor® as reported in the 2018 Journal Citation Reports® (Clarivate Analytics, 2019): 0.425

The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.


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