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Published on:December 2019
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2020; 54(1):101-107
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.54.1.12

Immunomodulatory Potential of Leptadenia arborea in Immune-Challenged Rats


Authors and affiliation (s):

Iman Hassan Abdoon1, Bushra Parveen2, Bashier Osman1, Mona S Mohamed3, Wadah JA Osman3, Sayeed Ahmad4,*

1Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, SUDAN.

2Department of Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Medicine, School of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, INDIA.

3Department of Pharmacognocy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Khartoum, SUDAN.

4Bioactive Natural Product Laboratory, School of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, INDIA.

Abstract:

Background: Plant-based remedies play a crucial role as powerful health aid worldwide. In recent years, the usage of complementary and alternative medicines has grown rapidly. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the immunomodulatory effects of methanolic extract of Leptadenia arborea leaves in BCG-immunized rats. Materials and Methods: L. arborea extract suspended in 1% carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) was administered in three doses viz 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o. All animals were challenged with 0.05 ml BCG, sc on day 0. Levamisole (18 mg/kg body weight; p.o.) was used as a positive control group. Results: L. arborea extract exhibited a significant dose- and time-dependent increase in the plasma levels of IFN-γ and TGF-β. On day 14, plant's extract significantly increased TNF-α level at dose 200 mg/kg. Moreover, L. arborea extract elicited an inhibitory effect on IL-10 levels that was significantly observed at dose 200 mg/kg of the plant extract. LD50 value was calculated to be 15.5 g/kg body weight and the extract didn't display any behavioral changes or clinical signs after 12 hr of treatment. Conclusion: L. arborea methanol extract showed immunostimulatory effects through elevation of IFN-γ and thereby activation of cell-mediated immunity.

Key words: Leptadenia arborea, Cell-mediated immunity, TH1 cytokines, TH2 cytokines, Immunomodulator.

 

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IJPER - An Official Publication of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India is pleased to announce continued growth in the 2019 Release of Journal Citation Reports (source: 2018 Web of Science Data).

 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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