Home | Articles
Published on:May 2020
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2020; 54(2s):s210-s219
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.54.2s.77

Xyloglucan Based Nasal in situ Gel Formulation of Mirtazapine for Treatment of Depression

Authors and affiliation (s):

Wadetwar Rita Naresh, Deshmukh Vaibhav Dilip, Kanojiya Pranita Sunil

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Amravati Road, Nagpur, Maharashtra, INDIA.


Objectives: The objective of the present work was formulation of thermosensitive mucoadhesive in situ nasal gel of Mirtazapine for depression. The nasal route would overcome the first-pass effect and would enhance its efficacy. Methods: The thermally triggered in situ nasal gel was prepared by cold method using Poloxamer 407 and Xyloglucan. Formulation batches of in situ gel were prepared by using 32 full factorial design. The in situ gel was evaluated for gelling temperature, % drug content, ex vivo permeation study and pharmacodynamic study. Results: The differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy of drug and physical mixture showed compatibility. Drug content and gelling temperature of optimized batch was found to be 85.22-95.92 % and 30-35°C respectively. Ex vivo permeation of optimized formulation F4 was found to be 91.89%. Pharmacodynamic study was performed using despair forced swim test and locomotor activity on mice and it was found that in situ nasal gel of Mirtazapine was more effective than that of the marketed formulation. Stability studies revealed that the optimized formulation was stable. Conclusion: The prepared in situ nasal gel of Mirtazapine enhanced the residence time in the nostrils and enhanced the therapeutic efficacy by avoidance of first-pass metabolism. Key words: In situ nasal gel, Poloxamer 407, Xyloglucan, Mirtazapine, Mucoadhesive, Depression, Gelling temperature.



Impact Factor

IJPER - An Official Publication of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India is pleased to announce continued growth in the 2019 Release of Journal Citation Reports (source: 2018 Web of Science Data).


Impact Factor® as reported in the 2018 Journal Citation Reports® (Clarivate Analytics, 2019): 0.425

User login

The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.


IJPER uses reference linking service using Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) by Crossref. Articles from the year 2013 are being assigned DOIs for its permanent URLs