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Published on:August 2020
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2020; 54(3):517-525
Review Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.54.3.100

Pharm D Program: Is it Necessary in BRICS?

Authors and affiliation (s):

Pei Yu1,*, Beverley Joy Wilson2, Amy Claire Bobbins2, Sunitha Chandrasekhar Srinivas2, Gang Yin1

1College of Pharmacy, Jinan University, Guangzhou, CHINA.

2Faculty of Pharmacy, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, SOUTH AFRICA.


The various trajectories of the development of the Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm D) programs in BRICS countries were reviewed individually, showing the progress of Pharm D programs in each context. Evidence from developed countries indicates that Pharm D programs have contributed towards the positive development of public health and a country’s local health requirements, with well-trained clinical pharmacists having a key role in the health and economic development of these emerging powers. The health systems of BRICS countries are heavily challenged with a dual burden of disease, weak health infrastructure and public health initiatives. Thus, not only will the development of Pharm D programs in BRICS countries strengthen pharmacy education contributing to a pharmacy workforce more readily able to target health-related problems, demographic and epidemiological shifts; but will also better equip public health systems with more patient-centered pharmaceutical care necessary for evidence-based, individualized and cost-effective healthcare.

Key words: Pharm D, Pharmacy education, Clinical pharmacy, BRICS, Pharmacist.



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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.


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