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Published on:October 2020
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2020; 54(3s):s695-s704
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.54.3s.170

Impact of Verbal and Web-based Patient Education Programs Driven by Clinical Pharmacist on the Adherence and Illness Perception of Hypertensive Patients


Authors and affiliation (s):

Zekiye Yılmaz1,*, Mesut Sancar2, Betül Okuyan2, Osman Yeşildağ3, Fikret Vehbi İzzettin4

1Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar, Istanbul, TURKEY.

2Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Marmara, Istanbul, TURKEY.

3Department of Internal Medicine Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Marmara, Istanbul, TURKEY.

4Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Bezmialem Foundation, Istanbul, TURKEY.

Abstract:

Background: Patient education is a substantial factor for the management of inveterate diseases. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of patient education given by clinical pharmacist using different (verbal and web-based) education techniques on the adherence and illness perception of hypertensive patients. Methods: It is a prospective observational study. Patients selected were randomly assigned to 2 groups: Verbal Based Education Group (VBEG) and Web Based Education Group (WBEG). Patients’ adherence and hypertension illness perception were measured using “Medication adherence selfefficacy scale-short form (MASES-SF)” and “Illness Perception Questionnaire-revised (IPQ-R)” at the baseline meeting. 1 month after baseline meeting, patient education was given to patients and 4 months after patient education, the questionnaires were repeated. The scores were evaluated and statistically analyzed. Results: Of the 120 patients (60 VBEG and 60 WBEG) available for total follow-up at 5 months, after patient education total score of Medication adherence self-efficacy scale-short form increased in both groups. The cumulative percentage change in statistically significant questions was found to be higher in WBEG (62,3%) than in the VBEG (40,4%). After education mean scores of the 7 subscales of illness representation part of IPQ-R were significantly increased in both groups (p<0,05). The cumulative percentage change for five subscales was found to be higher in WBEG (38,8%) than in the VBEG (26,7%). Conclusion: Our study shows that patient education has positive effect both on patient adherence and hypertension illness perception of hypertensive patients, regardless of education technique. This study had also shown that WBE had similar positive effects with VBE when driven by clinical pharmacist.

 




 

Impact Factor

IJPER - An Official Publication of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India is pleased to announce continued growth in the 2019 Release of Journal Citation Reports (source: 2018 Web of Science Data).

 

Impact Factor® as reported in the 2018 Journal Citation Reports® (Clarivate Analytics, 2019): 0.425

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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