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Published on:December 2020
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2020; 54(4):1159-1168
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.54.4.212

Development of Validated Stability-indicating RP-HPLC Method for Determination of Novel Directly Acting Antiviral agent and Characterization of its Degradants by LC–ESI–MS

Authors and affiliation (s):

Babita Agarwal1,*, Santosh Gandhi2

1Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Marathwada Mitra Mandal’s College of Pharmacy, Pune, Maharashtra, INDIA.

2Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, AISSMS College of Pharmacy, Shivaji Nagar, Pune, Maharashtra, INDIA.


Aim: The current study was performed to develop and validate stability indicating high performance liquid chromatography method (RP-HPLC) for determination of ledipasvir (LPR); to identify and characterize its major degradants by liquid chromatographic– tandem mass spectrometric method (LC-ESI-MS). Materials and Methods: The method was developed using reverse phase gradient elution and validated for standard ICH parameters. The optimized mobile phase comprised of acetonitrile:water with 0.2 % formic acid (70:30% v/v) at 1 ml/min flow rate with satisfactory retention time (tR), theoretical plates and good resolution of LPR and its degradants. Further, forced degradation under acid, base, thermal, photolytic and oxidative stress conditions was studied as per ICH guidelines. LC-ESI-MS with time of flight analyser was used to characterize the degradants. The degradation pathways for major degradants were proposed. Results: The developed method had retention time of 6 mins. The RSD for system was found to be less than 2% whereas mean recovery was obtained 97.2 – 102.5%. Linearity range of 5-30 μg/ml with 0.998 regression coefficient (R2) was observed. Detection and quantification limits were obtained as 0.010 μg/mL and 0.032 μg/mL, respectively. LPR was stable in photolytic and thermal environments whereas degraded in acid, base and oxidative states. LC–ESI–MS was used effectively for characterization and structural elucidation of degradants. Conclusion: The results indicated that validated RP-HPLC technique can be employed for routine analysis of LPR in bulk and dosage formulas and also would be capable of separating degradants from analyte peak.

Key words: RP-HPLC, LC-ESI-MS, Ledipasvir, Stability indicating ICH method, Validation, Degradation pathway.



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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.


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