Home | Articles
Published on:August 2021
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2021; 55(3):924-929
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.55.3.167

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Taif Populations’ Perspective Based on Knowledge and Attitude Determinants

Authors and affiliation (s):

Abdulhakeem S. Alamri1,2,*, Majid Alhomrani1,2, Walaa F Alsanie1,2, Maram O AlMerdas1, Wafa A AlGhamdi1, Waad F AlTwairqi1, Najlaa M Alotaibi1, Shahad S AlOsaimi1, Syed Mohammed Basheeruddin Asdaq3, Nagaraja Sreeharsha4,5, Bassem M. Raafat6

1Department of Clinical Laboratories Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Taif University, Taif, SAUDI ARABIA.

2Centre of Biomedical Sciences Research (CBSR), Deanship of Scientific Research, Taif University, SAUDI ARABIA.

3Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, AlMaarefa University, Dariyah, Riyadh, SAUDI ARABIA.

4Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Clinical Pharmacy, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, SAUDI ARABIA.

5Department of Pharmaceutics, Vidya Siri College of Pharmacy, Off Sarjapura Road, Bengaluru, Karnataka, INDIA.

6Department of Radiology Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Taif University, Taif, SAUDI ARABIA.


Background: In developed countries, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver condition. The disease raises the risk of liver-related morbidity and mortality, as well as associated comorbidities. The general public’s knowledge and attitude are critical in developing countermeasures to prevent the spread of the disease. Purpose: This study was done to determine the knowledge and attitude of the general public of Taif city, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: A validated self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data for the study, which covered knowledge (04 items) and attitude (04 items) (7 items). In addition, demographic questions were included to see how they influenced knowledge and attitude. The data was examined using descriptive statistics in SPSS-IBM 25. Results: Out of 454 participants, more than 72% were female and 55% were in an age group of 18-30 years and only 11% had known NAFLD cases in their family. The number of participants who had family members with NAFLD had a significantly higher level of knowledge (P=0.012). The vast majority of those polled in this study had a favorable or satisfactory attitude toward NAFLD. The age group of 31-40 years showed a significantly (P=0.048) higher proportion of participants with a positive attitude when compared to other age groups. It is also important to note that females with a good knowledge and positive attitude toward NAFLD outnumber male participants. Conclusion: Generally, Taif residents have less knowledge of NAFLD, but their attitude is encouraging. The link between chronic illnesses and NAFLD remains poorly understood. It is critical to find mechanisms and ways to halt the disease’s rapid progression in the community.

Key words: Knowledge, Attitude, Taif, NAFLD, Saudi Arabia.



Impact Factor

IJPER - An Official Publication of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India is pleased to announce continued growth in the 2019 Release of Journal Citation Reports (source: 2018 Web of Science Data).


Impact Factor® as reported in the 2018 Journal Citation Reports® (Clarivate Analytics, 2019): 0.425

The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.


IJPER uses reference linking service using Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) by Crossref. Articles from the year 2013 are being assigned DOIs for its permanent URLs