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Published on:March 2023
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2023; 57(2):598-602
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.57.2.73

The Impact of an Educational Module on Pharmacovigilance towards Improving Knowledge and Attitude of Nursing and Pharmacy Students

Authors and affiliation (s):

Megaravalli Ramesh Manasa1,*, Sujith John Chandy2, Santosh Ramakrishnan Pillai3

1Department of Pharmacology, Karwar Institute of Medical Sciences, Karwar, Karnataka, INDIA.

2Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, INDIA.

3Department of Pharmacology, Pushpagiri Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Thiruvalla, Kerala, INDIA.


Background: Pharmacovigilance is an integral part of patient safety and rational use of medicines. It is the professional responsibility of not just physicians but also of other health care professionals who use medicines such as nurses and pharmacists. Therefore it is essential to create awareness about pharmacovigilance through an educational module during their undergraduate course. Objectives: 1. To evaluate the knowledge and attitude of nursing and pharmacy students towards pharmacovigilance. 2. Based on the above, to design an educational module on pharmacovigilance. 3. To assess the impact of the educational module on knowledge and attitude towards pharmacovigilance. Materials and Methods: A crosssectional study was conducted on nursing and pharmacy students pursuing pharmacology. A structured validated questionnaire consisting of 20 questions was used to assess the baseline knowledge and attitude. An educational module was designed and imparted to the participants. After a two week period the impact of the educational module was assessed. Results: The educational intervention significantly improved the knowledge of the nursing and pharmacy students about pharmacovigilance. The students had a positive baseline attitude towards pharmacovigilance which did not change much after the educational module. Conclusion: The knowledge of the nursing and pharmacy students improved significantly after the educational intervention. This highlights the need for such an educational module during their learning period so as to imbibe the safety culture and reporting practice early on in a healthcare professional’s life. Periodical awareness activities for healthcare professionals to improve ADR reporting are however recommended for their sustained involvement in pharmacovigilance.

Keywords: Educational intervention, Learning, Pharmacovigilance, Nurses, Pharmacists.



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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.


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