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Published on:9th Jan, 2015
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2015; 49(3):208-215
Pharmaceutical Research | doi:10.5530/ijper.49.3.6

Design and Development of Vancomycin Liposomes


Authors and affiliation (s):

Srinivas Lankalapalli*, Venkata Satya Vinai Kumar Tenneti, Sunil Kumar Nimmali

GITAM Institute of Pharmacy, GITAM University, Rushikonda, Visakhapatnam Andhra Pradesh, India

Abstract:

Vancomycin hydrochloride is water soluble and poorly absorbable glycopeptide antibiotic act by inhibition of the synthesis of peptidoglycan a major component of bacteria cell wall. It is highly effective against the Staphylococcus aureus and other Staphylococcus species microorganisms. Structurally vancomycin hydrochloride has six peptide bonds with a molecular weight of approximately 1500 Da. Liposomes, the colloidal vesicular structures due to their biphasic environment can act as carriers for both lipophilic & hydrophilic drugs. The encapsulation of antimicrobials in liposomes potentially offers enhanced pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics and decreased toxicity. This delivery system has the advantages of targeted, long circulation, low toxicity, sustained-release, no immunogenicity and protecting the encapsulated drugs from the destructive action of the external media. The present research work is planned to develop liposomal formulation of Vancomycin hydrochloride and to study the possibility of permeability enhancement. Liposomes are prepared by using various permeation enhancers like propylene glycol, poly ethylene glycol 400, poly ethylene glycol 600, Tween 80 and Span 60. The prepared liposomes are characterized by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, particle size determination, encapsulation efficiency, FTIR spectroscopy studies and in vitro diffusion studies using dialysis membrane. Among six different liposomes F2 formulation (containing propylene glycol) has showed promising results with respect to drug entrapment and percentage drug release.

Key words: Liposomes, Phospholipids Permeability Enhancement, Poly ethylene glycol, Propylene glycol, Surfactants, Vancomycin Hydrochloride.

 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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