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Published on:20th Jan, 2015
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education Research, 2015; 49(2):106-111
Pharmaceutical Education | doi:10.5530/ijper.49.2.5

Pharmaceutical Waste Management in Pharmacies at the Primary Level of Health Care in Serbia - Situation Analysis

Authors and affiliation (s):

Jelena Manojlović1*, Verica Jovanović2, Andrijana Milošević Georgiev1, Jan Gerrit Tesink3, Tanja Arsić4, Valentina Marinković1

1Department of Social Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Legislation, University of Belgrade Faculty of Pharmacy, Belgrade, Serbia

2Centre for disease control, Institute of Public Health “Dr Milan Jovanovic Batut”, Belgrade, Serbia

3TA HCW project units, COWI, Denmark

4Department of pharmacy, Pharmacy Niš, Niš, Serbia


Background: Pharmaceutical products can become a potential source of poisoning. The improper disposal of unused medicines is a growing problem throughout the world, with a manifold effect on the cost of health care, public health and the environment. The objectives of this research are the overview of current situation of pharmaceutical waste management in the pharmacy sector in the Republic of Serbia, attitudes and knowledge of pharmacists on the matter and the measures they should undertake in order to make the general public aware of the significance of proper disposal of medications. Methods: The research was conducted as a cross-sectional study on entire population of state pharmacies at the primary health care level in the Republic of Serbia, in March 2013. Primary data were collected by filling in a 14 questions questionnaire that was specially designed for this research. Results: The questionnaire was completed by 683 (34 healthcare institutions - pharmacy) pharmacies. According to the data obtained, 76.5% of pharmacies collect expired medicines that people bring there in order to get them put away, while 23.5% pharmacies assert that they do not collect pharmaceutical waste from households at all. Conclusion: The pharmacies have not started to implement their legal obligation of collecting pharmaceutical waste from the citizens yet, at least not in the full range. The development and practical implementation of adequate procedures and facilities for the disposal of this type of waste represents the key step towards the decrease of pharmaceutical waste in the environment.

Key words: Pharmaceutical Waste, Environment, Unused Medicines, Expired Medicines, Pharmacy, Waste Management, Waste law.



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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.


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