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Published on:3rd July 2015
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2015; 49(4s):s75-s81
Pharmaceutical Research | doi:10.5530/ijper.49.4s.9

Binary Mixtures of Morphine and Furosemide: Compatibility and Stability at Different Concentrations


Authors and affiliation (s):

Espinosa Bosch María1, Sánchez Rojas Fuensanta2*, Bosch Ojeda Catalina2

1UGC Pharmacy, Regional Universitary Hospital of Málaga, 29010, Málaga, Spain.

2Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Málaga, Spain.

Abstract:

Objectives: In order to avoid separate injections, admixtures of drugs are frequently used in palliative care settings. There are different factors that can influence the compatibility and stability of the mixture: drug type, concentration, solvent, container, temperature and light. There are some mixtures of drugs with proven stability, but there is lack of evidence about the stability and compatibility of the combination of morphine and furosemide. The purpose is to evaluate the compatibility and stability of two admixtures of morphine and furosemide at two different temperatures (25ºC and 37ºC). The concentrations of the admixtures are: 3.0 mg/mL-2.0 mg/mL; 1.0 mg/mL-0.6 mg/mL; in NaCl 0.9% stored in elastomeric infusors protected from light. Methods: The samples were prepared and diluted in NaCl 0.9% in elastomeric infusor in triplicate to obtain four different conditions of concentration and/or temperature of storage (concentration: 3.0 mg/mL-2.0 mg/mL, 1.0 mg/mL–0.6 mg/mL of morphine and furosemide respectively; temperature of storage 25ºC and 37ºC). The concentration of each constituent drug into different mixtures was periodically determined using a HPLC-UV method. The drugs were chromatographed on a C18 reverse phase column; the mobile phase was acetonitrile-water 40:60 (v/v); flow rate 1.5 mL/min. Morphine and furosemide concentrations were determined at 235 nm by interpolation from the calibration curves prepared at (0, 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15) days from the standards. Statgraphics centurion XVI program has been used to data treatment. Results: The stability of the admixtures diluted in NaCl 0.9% are as follow: morphine-furosemide (3.0 mg/mL-2.0 mg/mL) is stable (retained > 95% of their initial concentration) eight days at 25ºC and two day at 37ºC; (1.0 mg/mL-0.6 mg/mL) is stable thirty days at 25ºC and two day at 37ºC. Conclusion: The admixture of morphine and furosemide in NaCl 0.9% in elastomeric infusor can be safely used in palliative care for at least two days. Concentrations of the admixture can be prepared in advance and stored at room temperature, but the infusion cannot be longer than two days.

Key words: Furosemide, HPLC, Mixtures, Morphine, Stability.

 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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