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Published on:Dec 2016
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2016; 50(4):649-656
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.50.4.17

Protective Effects of omega-3 fatty acids and/ or Nano- selenium on Cisplatin and Ionizing radiation induced liver toxicity in rats


Authors and affiliation (s):

Hanan A Fahmy1, Afrag Sh Abd El Azim2, Ola A Gharib1

1Drug Radiation Research Department, National Center of Radiation Research and Technology, Atomic Energy Authority, EGYPT.

2Radiation Biology Department, National Center of Radiation Research and Technology, Atomic Energy Authority, EGYPT.

Abstract:

Cisplatin (CP) and/ or radiation exposures cause oxidative stress, which induced liver toxicity. The present study was undertaken to explore if fish oil (FO) and /or selenium nano particles (SeNPs) can minimize CP-induced hepatotoxicity and other side effects. Rats were either treated with SeNPs (0.5 mg/kg) and /or FO (2 mg/Kg) for 12 days before treatment with CP (10 mg/Kg) and/ or exposure to γ-rays (0.7Gy).The results of the present study revealed that rats treated with CP and /or γ- radiation showed an increase in the level of IL6, renin and the expression of angiotensinogen , xanthine oxidase (XO) and NF-κB protein along with a decrease in (Nrf2) protein expression as well as, the activity of antioxidant enzymes. Fish oil and /or selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) treatment prior to CP and/ or radiation exposure normalized these parameters. Our findings suggest that FO together with SeNPs could be used as protective supplements against toxicity associated with ionizing radiation and CP due to its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties.

Key words: Ionizing radiation, Cisplatin, Omega 3, Selenium nano particles, Nrf2, NF-κB.

 

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IJPER - An Official Publication of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India is pleased to announce continued growth in the 2019 Release of Journal Citation Reports (source: 2018 Web of Science Data).

 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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