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Published on:January 2017
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2017; 51(1):156-168
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.51.1.21

Utilization Pattern of Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs at a Primary Health Care in Malaysia


Authors and affiliation (s):

Khairani Azian Khairudin1, Abubakar Ibrahim Jatau2, Mohamed Mansor Manan1*,Chua Say Tiong3,4, Mallikarjun Chitneni5, Amir Heberd Abdullah3,4, Sundara Rajan Mahalingam3,4, Kamaruddin Arshad3,4

1Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Puncak Alam, MALAYSIA

2Department of Pharmacy Practice, Pharmacists Council of Nigeria (PCN), Abuja, NIGERIA

3Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Bertam, Penang, MALAYSIA

4Vector-borne Diseases Research Group (VERDI), Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences CoRe, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, MALAYSIA

5Jurox Limted, Rutherford, 2320 New South Wales, AUSTRALIA

Abstract:

Introduction: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among medications most commonly prescribed and used world wide mainly in the developed countries. Variation in terms of drug utilization pattern and adverse events may exist in different population and healthcare centres. The objective of the study was to determine consumption pattern of NSAIDs at the Klang health district primary healthcare clinics in Malaysia. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of medical records of patients prescribed with NSAIDs over a period of 12 months (January to December, 2013) was conducted at Klinik Kesihatan Anika, Bukit Kuda and Pandamaran, Klang Health distrct primary healthcare clinics, Malaysia. Results: Records of 852 eligible patients were included for the study. Based on the WHO Defined Daily Dose (DDD), the most commonly used NSAIDs were Diclofenac (1.5725), Mefenamic Acid (1.4108), Ibuprofen (0.0166) and Meloxicam (0.0016). Up to 17.6% of the NSAIDs users, had chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases. 1.8% to 22.9% of NSAIDs users were concurrently taking antihypertensive, whereas, 8.6% experienced potential drug-drug interaction with NSAIDs. Conclusion: The NSAIDs utilization pattern among the patients at the primary healthcare clinics is appropriate based on the symptoms presented. However, concomitant administration with other drugs and use in patient with chronic disease poses risks of adverse drug reactios and drug-drug interaction.

Key words: NSAIDs, Malaysia, Utilization Pattern, Defined Daily Dosing

 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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IJPER uses reference linking service using Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) by Crossref. Articles from the year 2013 are being assigned DOIs for its permanent URLs