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Published on:June 2017
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2017; 51(3):380-387
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.51.3.64

Validation and Evaluation of an OSCE in Undergraduate Doctor of Pharmacy Program


Authors and affiliation (s):

Ali Almuqdadi*, Al-Motassem Yousef, Khalil Majdalawi, Zeina Masoud, Reem Kalabani, Hanadi Al-hadeed

Department of Bio pharmaceutics and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, The University of JORDAN, Amman, 11942, Queen Rania Street, JORDAN.

Abstract:

Introduction and purpose: In schools not performing OSCE method, faculty members’ lack of time, human resources and managing the complexity of such exam are the most common obstacles. In this study, we utilized different methods to evaluate the the validity and reliability of a simple diversified OSCE as part of final exam for ambulatory care clerkship along with the theoretical exam. Methods: We analyzed the correlation and difference between students’ achievements in the written exam and their achievements in OSCE. We also compared between students’ achievements according to each OSCE station they enrolled in. As students’ feedback is an important indicator of the success of the learning process, students’ feedback about OSCE was also measured. Results: A moderate correlation was observed between students’ overall marks in OSCE and that in written exam (r2 = 0.36 p= 0.001). Prescription station showed a moderate correlation with the written exam (r2 = 0.30, p < 0.001) and the counseling station showed a weak correlation (r2= 0.125, p < 0.001). Whereas no significant correlation (p= 0.3) was observed on comparison of the written exam with the online station nor with the communication station. Highest students scores were observed in prescription-based station 16.7/20 (± 3.2) whereas the lowest scores were detected in online resourcesbased station 13.4/20 (± 5.8). The majority of students were satisfied about the validity and reliability of OSCE. Discussion: A carefully designed development process based on a well-structured blueprint is needed to implement a sophisticated OSCE. The validation and evaluation of an OSCE should performed both quantitatively and qualitatively. A simple diversified OSCE, can serve as a reliable, valid and economically feasible assessment tool of student performance. Together, the traditional written exam and OSCE provide a broad assessment of pharmacy student’s skills and knowledge.

Key words: OSCE, Doctor of Pharmacy, ambulatory care clerkship, clinical skills, written exam.

 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

DOI HISTORY

IJPER uses reference linking service using Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) by Crossref. Articles from the year 2013 are being assigned DOIs for its permanent URLs