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Published on:July 2017
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2017; 51(3s):s286-s289
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.51.3s.31

An optimization of the extraction and the physicochemical proprieties of the essential oil of Lawsonia inermis L. cultivated in Biskra (Department of Algeria)


Authors and affiliation (s):

Keltoum Benaissa1,2, Mohamed Belhamra1,2

1Laboratory of Ecosystem Diversity and Dynamics of Agricultural Production Systems in Arid Areas. Biskra University, ALGERIA.

2Department of Agronomics Sciences, Faculty of Sciences of Nature and Life, Biskra University, ALGERIA. 

Abstract:

Introduction: The henna plant Lawsonia inermis L., is one of the oldest cosmetic, medicinal and aromatic plants, well known in the worldwide. Objective: This study is the optimization of the extraction of the essential oil from the aerial part of Lawsonia inermis L plant. Two methods of extraction were compared; the hydrodistillation and the microwaves extraction, from the leaves, the flowers and the seeds of henna plant. The obtained essential oil was analyzed in laboratory to determine its organoleptic and physicochemical proprieties. Results: The main result is that the flowers of henna yielded more essential oil than the leaves and the seeds respectively, the obtained essentials oils by the sited methods of extraction are quantitatively and qualitatively similar with fair differences in yield an chemical proprieties, may due to the extraction times, even that they are conformed to AFNOR norms.

Key words: Henna, Essential oil extraction, Hydrodistillation, Microwaves, AFNOR norms.

 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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IJPER uses reference linking service using Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) by Crossref. Articles from the year 2013 are being assigned DOIs for its permanent URLs