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Published on:December 2017
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2017; 51(4s):
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.51.4s.95

Impact of Patient Education on Interdialytic Weight Gain and Blood Pressure in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis


Authors and affiliation (s):

Rini Thainery Padinchare Veetil1, Janardhan Kamath2, Uday Venkat Mateti*1
1Department of Pharmacy Practice, NGSM Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, NITTE (Deemed to be University), Paneer, Deralakatte, Mangaluru, Karnataka, INDIA.
2Department of Nephrology, K.S. Hegde Academy, Justice K.S Hegde Charitable Hospital, NITTE (Deemed to be University), Deralakatte, Mangaluru, Karnataka, INDIA.

Abstract:

Objectives: To assess the impact of patient education on Interdialytic Weight Gain (IDWG) and Blood Pressure (DBP) in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). Materials and Methods: A Quasi experimental Pre and Post study design was conducted in an outpatient HD unit among 50 patients who were undergoing maintenance HD. The patients were educated by using validated educational material. The data on IDWG, Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) and Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) were collected at baseline, 4th week, 10th week and 16th week. The paired sample t-test was applied to assess the mean change in difference from baseline to 16th week with p value less than 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: The mean SBP was significantly reduced from baseline (151.60 ± 19.99 mmHg) to 16th week (144 ± 15.70 mmHg) with p value 0.021 in pre HD patients and also in post HD patients from baseline (157 ± 21.65 mmHg) to 16th week (144.62 ± 16.03 mmHg) with p value 0.001. The mean Pre and Post IDWG was significantly reduced after the patient education from baseline (3.44 ± 1.36 kg) to the end of the study i.e. 16th week (2.76 ± 0.90 kg) with p value 0.001 in the HD session patients. Conclusion: The small group education in patients undergoing HD leads to decrease in IDWG, SBP in Pre and Post-HD sessions patients and DBP in Post-HD session patients significantly from baseline to post education but DBP in Post- HD patients were not reduced significantly.

Key words: Hemodialysis, Interdialytic Weight Gain, Blood Pressure, Patient Education.

 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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