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Published on:January 2018
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2018; 52(2):197-201
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.52.2.21

Self-Esteem Level and Its Relationship to Academic Performance among Undergraduate Pharmacy Students in a Malaysian Public University


Authors and affiliation (s):

Sharmimi Nabila Ahmat1, Mohd Rahimi Muda1, Chin Fen Neoh1,2*

1Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam Campus, Selangor, MALAYSIA.

2Collaborative Drug Discovery Research (CDDR) Group, Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences Community of Research, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam Campus, Selangor, MALAYSIA.

Abstract:

Objectives: To assess self-esteem level among undergraduate pharmacy students, to determine the demographic variables that could have significantly influenced the selfesteem level and to determine the correlation between the self-esteem level and academic performance. Methods: A 10-item Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) together with demographics section (e.g. age, gender, year of study, marital status, residency, highest achieved qualification), was distributed to all year 1 to year 4 pharmacy students at Universiti Teknologi MARA Puncak Alam, Malaysia. In addition, cumulative grade point average (CGPA) was collected. Data were then analysed using SPSS version 22.0. Results: A total of 239 undergraduate pharmacy students completed the questionnaire, giving a response rate of 93.4%. The majority were female (199/239, 83.3%) age of 20-25 years old (232/239, 97.00%). Most reported an average self-esteem level; the mean (±SD) score of self-esteem was 17.30 ± 3.88. In contrast to previous findings, there was no significant correlation between the self-esteem level and CGPA (p=0.87) in the current study. Also, other demographic variables did not contribute to any significant difference in self-esteem level (p>0.05) among the undergraduate pharmacy students. Conclusion: Internal and external factors are the two distinct aspects that can influence personal perception on the self-belief, further influencing the self-esteem level of an individual. The current study findings revealed that there was negative correlation between the self-esteem level and academic performance among the undergraduate pharmacy students. Self-reported data on CPGA could be the limitation.

Key words: Academic Performance, Pharmacy, Self-Esteem, Below:CGPA, Undergraduate.

 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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IJPER uses reference linking service using Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) by Crossref. Articles from the year 2013 are being assigned DOIs for its permanent URLs