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Published on:November 2021
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2021; 55(4):1107-1114
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.55.4.211

Protective Effect of Celastrus paniculatus Seed Extract against Lead Acetate Induced Nephrotoxicity in Wistar Rats


Authors and affiliation (s):

Karunakaran Balaji1, J Vijayakumar1,*, Sivanesan Senthilkumar2, Rajagopalan Vijayaraghavan2, Viswanathan Naveenkumar2

1Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences (Deemed to be University), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, INDIA.

2Department of Research and Development, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences (Deemed to be University), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, INDIA.

Abstract:

Objectives: The plant Celastrus paniculatus is used in the traditional medical practices of India to treat a plethora of diseases. Earlier research on the plant revealed several biological properties and interesting bioactive compounds with significant medicinal uses. Materials and Methods: In this study, the ethanolic extract of the seeds of the plant (EECP) has been investigated against lead acetate (LA) induced nephrotoxicity in Wistar rats. Thirty rats were divided into five groups (n=6) wherein group 1 that contained normal animals served as control while group 2 received LA (30mg/kgb.w/day, p.o.). Animals in groups 3 – 5 received respectively the standard drug N-acetylcysteine (NAC, 200mg/kg b.w/day, p.o.) and EECP in two doses (400and 800mg/kgb.w/day, p.o.) together with LA (30mg/kg b.w/day, p.o.) for 28 consecutive days.On day 29, all the animals were sacrificed and the blood and kidney were collected for analysis. Results and Conclusion: LA significantly decreased the level of catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), reduced glutathione (GR), glutathione S-transferase (GST) and glutathione (GSH) and increased the level of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), hydroxyl radicals (OH-) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) as compared to those in control rats. Administration of EECP especially 800mg/kg b.w. significantly downregulated the serum urea, creatinine and KIM 1 levels and also the level of oxidative stress markers when compared to the LA group. Histological and immunohistochemistry (KIM 1) study showed a significant change in the cytoarchitecture of the renal tissue thereby revealing the pro-active role of C. paniculatus seeds in nephrotoxicity.

Key words: Celastrus paniculatus seeds, Free radical scavenging activity, KIM 1, Lead Acetate, Nephro-toxicity, Wistar rats.

 




 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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