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Published on:November 2021
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2021; 55(3s):S637-S645
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.55.3s.170

Self-reported Anxiety and Coping: A Cross-Sectional Study among Saudi Nursing Students during COVID-19 Pandemic using GAD-7 and Briefcope

Authors and affiliation (s):

Mohammed Asad1, Atallah Alenezi1, Mohammed Nasser Alsalowly1, Syed Mohammed Basheeruddin Asdaq2,*, Abdulhakeem S Alamri3,4, Walaa F Alsanie3,4, Majid Alhomrani3,4, Yahya Mohzari5, Ahmed Alrashed6, Ibraheem N Shammakhi7, Muath F Almutairi7, Norah N Aldhawyan7, Mansour A Alharbi7, Omar O Alsallami7, Nagaraja Sreeharsha8,9

1College of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Shaqra, SAUDI ARABIA.

2Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, AlMaarefa University, Dariyah, Riyadh, SAUDI ARABIA.

3Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, The faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taif University, Taif, SAUDI ARABIA

4Centre of Biomedical Sciences Research (CBSR), Deanship of Scientific Research, Taif University, SAUDI ARABIA.

5Clinical Pharmacy Department, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, SAUDI ARABIA.

6Pharmaceutical Services administration, Inpatient Department, King Fahd Medical City, Riyadh, SAUDI ARABIA.

7Pharmaceutical Care  Services, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, SAUDI ARABIA.

8Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Clinical Pharmacy, King Faisal University, Al-Hofuf, Al-Ahsa, SAUDI ARABIA.

9Department of Pharmaceutics, Vidya Siri College of Pharmacy, Off Sarjapura Road, Bangalore, Karnataka, INDIA.


Background: Anxiety is seen among students even during normal times. The COVID- 19pandemic is believed to have increased anxiety and depression among the students. Purpose: An investigation was done to assess the anxiety levels and coping strategies of nursing students in Saudi Arabia. The influence of demographics on the anxiety levels and coping strategies were also determined. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a questionnaire through Google forms. The questionnaire had items related to demographics such as age, sex, etc., along with a question to know about the confidence of students to work as nurses. A GAD-7 scale was used to assess anxiety levels and BriefCope was used to determine coping strategies. Statistics were performed using non-parametric tests, factorial analysis, and linear regression. Results: More than half of the participating students experienced moderate to severe anxiety. The anxiety levels were not influenced significantly by demographics except the young age. More than 50% of the students were reluctant to work as nurses and this affected the anxiety score significantly. Factorial analysis grouped variables into six factors. Linear regression showed a positive correlation of these factors with anxiety. Conclusion: Anxiety score revealed that Saudi nursing students had moderate to severe anxiety. The combined number of students reluctant or scared to work was more than those who were confident to work as nurses. A positive association was observed between factor variables with mild and moderate anxiety.

Key words: Anxiety, Coping strategy, Factorial analysis, linear regression, Variance, nursing students.



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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
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Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.


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