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Published on:December 2019
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2020; 54(1):150-154
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.54.1.18

Method Development and Validation for Detection of Procaterol in Human Urine using Gas Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry

Authors and affiliation (s):

Shila Jain1, Puran Lal Sahu1, Srashti Raj2, Abhinav Shrivastava1, Ashok Kumar Maurya1, Rajiv Kumar Tonk2, Kapendra Sahu1,*

1National Dope Testing Laboratory, Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports (MYAS), Government of India, New Delhi, INDIA.

2Delhi Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research University, M.B. Road, New Delhi, INDIA.


Background: A simple, sensitive and accurate method for the determination of procaterol in human urine was developed and validated using Gas Chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) as per the requirements of World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and ICH guidelines. Methodology: The sample processing includes deconjugation with enzymatic hydrolysis, Solid Phase Extraction (SPE) procedure using XAD2 column and Liquid-liquid Extraction (LLE) followed by the derivatisation using N-methyl trimethylsilysl trifluoroacetamide (MSTFA). Results: The method included a chromatographic run of 17 min and the calibration curve was linear over the concentration range of 5-40 ng/mL with a correlation coefficient (r) of 0.98. The intra- and inter-day assay precision ranged from 0.75 to 0.94% and 1.2 to 1.70%, respectively. The absolute recovery percentage for procaterol was found to be 83%. The recovery was sufficient to reliable identify the procaterol at or below the level prescribed by WADA ie MRPL 20ng/ ml. The LOQ and LOD was found to be 5 and 3 ng/ml respectively. Conclusion: A simple and sensitive GC-MS/MS method for quantitative estimation of Procaterol was developed and validated as per the WADA ISL and ICH guidelines. This developed method could be also used for therapeutic drug monitoring purposes.

Key words: Procaterol, Validation, ICH Guideline, GC-MS/MS, Doping control, WADA.



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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.


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