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Published on:20th Aug 2015
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2016; 50(1):9-16
Pharmaceutical Education | doi:10.5530/ijper.50.1.2

Job Satisfaction among Indian Pharmacists: An Exploration of Affecting Variables and Suggestions for Improvement in Pharmacist Role


Authors and affiliation (s):

Akram Ahmad*1, Muhammad Umair Khan1, Ramadan Mohamad Elkalmi2, Shazia Q. Jamshed2, Anantha Naik Nagappa3, Isha Patel4 and Rajesh Balkrishnan5

1Department of Clinical Pharmacy, UCSI University, No. 1 Jalan Menara Gading, Taman Connaught, Cheras 56000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

2Department of Pharmacy Practice, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan Campus, Pahang 25200, Malaysia.

3Department of Pharmacy Management, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal 576104, India.

4Department of Biopharmaceutical Sciences, Shenandoah University, Bernard J Dunn School of Pharmacy, 1775 N Sector Ct, Winchester, VA 22601, USA.

5Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

Abstract:

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the level of job satisfaction among Indian pharmacists, and factors associated with job satisfaction. The study also explored the suggestions of pharmacist to improve the profession of pharmacy in India. Methods: A cross sectional web-based study was conducted on working pharmacists in India, using a validated questionnaire for a period of 2 months. The participants were contacted via email and social websites and data was collected by using web-based survey. The data were coded and entered to statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 20. The responses to the questionnaire were analyzed by performing descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The satisfaction rate of pharmacists was 17.5%. Similar numbers of pharmacist were satisfied with promotional opportunities at their workplace. 68.7% participants believed the reason for dissatisfaction was irresponsible government policies which hamper pharmacists from seeking jobs compared with other professionals. Majority of pharmacists agreed with the suggestion of determining payscale on the basis of both qualification and experience (85.1%) followed by 84.8% who agreed that pharmacy degree should be deemed essential to acquire registration. Age, qualification and practice setting were significantly associated with differences in mean satisfaction score (p<0.05). Conclusion: In this study, pharmacists were not satisfied with their jobs. A nation-wide study is warranted to further establish the satisfaction of pharmacists with their jobs. A further need to look at the intrinsic and extrinsic factors associated with pharmacist satisfaction can aid the development of suitable interventions to improve the same.

Key words: Factors, India, Job satisfaction, Pharmacists, Survey, Questionnaire.

 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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