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Published on:January 2017
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2017; 51(1):136-143
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.51.1.18

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Anxiety among Female Governmental Secondary Schools Students in Al-madinah, Saudi Arabia


Authors and affiliation (s):

Awad Mohammed Al-Qahtani,*1,2 Mashael B. Al-Harbi2

1Department of Family & Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Najran University, Najran, Saudi Arabia.

2Ministry of health, Postgraduate studies of family medicine in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract:

Aim: The study aimed to measure the prevalence and risk factors of Anxiety among Female Governmental Secondary schools students, in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: Cross sectional study was conducted in Al-Madinah city in 2014. Only Female secondary school students were included for study. Multistage sampling technique was used for student’s inclusion. The researcher used a self-administered questionnaire containing socio-demographic data and anxiety questionnaire developed by AL-Taif Mental Health sector. 10 students were given this questionnaire as a pilot study. All data has been entered and analyzed using SPSS version 21. Results: The present study indicates the prevalence and risk factors of anxiety among female governmental secondary school students of Al-Madinah city. Overall 64.6% of students showed symptoms of anxiety. High morbid anxiety was reported among 25.5% of secondary school girls whereas high not morbid anxiety was reported among 39.1% of them. Association between students believing that school`s examinations increase anxiety symptoms and anxiety was observed. Students who did not believe that anxiety symptoms increase by school`s examinations reported higher rate of high morbid anxiety compared to those who believe that anxiety symptoms increase by school`s examinations (56% versus 23.4%). The present study did not reveal significant association between anxiety and socio-demographic characteristics of the school girls. Conclusion: The present study indicates anxiety is prevalent among secondary school girls as almost one-fourth of them reported high morbid anxiety and more than one third reported high but not morbid anxiety. Socio-demographic characteristics of the school girls were not significantly associated with anxiety.

Key words: Anxiety, Adolescents, Psychosocial disability, Secondary school students, School examinations, Stress disorder.

 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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