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Published on:September 2017
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2017; 51(3s2):s403-s411
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.51.3s.57

Protective Effects of Bryonia multiflora Extract on Pancreatic Beta Cells, Liver and Kidney of Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats: Histopathological and Immunohistochemical Investigations


Authors and affiliation (s):

Ahmet Uyar1*, Turan Yaman1, Omer Faruk Keleş1, Elif Ebru Alkan2, Ismail Celik2, Zabit Yener1

1Department of Pathology, Yuzuncu Yil University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Van, TURKEY.

2Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Yuzuncu Yil University, Faculty of Bioscience, Van, TURKEY.

Abstract:

Objective: In this study, the ameliorative potential and antioxidant capacity of treated with different doses of Bryonia multiflora extract (BE) was investigated using histopathological and immunohistochemical changes in pancreatic beta cells, liver and kidney tissues of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Material and Methods: A total of forty-two healthy adult Wistar albino male rats were divided randomly into six groups as Control (C); Diabetes mellitus (DM); DM+Akarboz 20 mg/kg; DM+100 mg/kg BE extract (BE1); DM+200 mg/kg BE extract (BE2); DM+400 mg/kg BE extract (BE3). Experimental diabetes was established by a single-dose [45 mg/kg, intra-peritoneal (i.p)] STZ injection. Essential dosages of BE extracts and Akarboz were applied with gastric gavage for 21 day. Blood glucose levels were recorded throughout the all experiment period. Results: Histopathological studies showed that hepatorenal and pancreatic protection by depending on the dose level of BE extracts was further supported by the almost normal histology in DM+ BE extract-treated group as compared to the degenerative changes such as disorder of architectural structure, inflammatory cell infiltration, hydropic degeneration and necrosis in pancreas, liver and kidney tissues of STZ-treated rats. Immunohistochemical investigation revealed that STZ-induced degenerative changes in beta-cells in the pancreas of the diabetic rats has reduced insulin immunoreactivity. On the other hand, insulin immunoreactivity in the β cells of pancreas of BE –treated diabetic rats has significantly increased. Additionally, Glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPx1) immunoreactivity was lower in the tissues of diabetic rats (DM group) compared to the other groups. Conclusion: In conclusion, BE extract has a protective effect on tissue damage probably due to its antioxidant activity and possess the ability to regenerate β-cell in STZ-induced diabetic rats.

Key words: Diabetes mellitus Type I, Bryonia multiflora extract, Histopathology, Immunohistochemistry, Rat.

 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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