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Published on:December 2020
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2020; 54(4):875-880
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.54.4.180

The Need for Simulated Patient Method Implementation in Pharmaceutical Education in Poland

Authors and affiliation (s):

Magdalena Cerbin-Koczorowska1, Piotr Przymuszała1,*, Magdalena Waszyk- Nowaczyk2, Beata Plewka2, Ryszard Marciniak1

1Department of Medical Education, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, POLAND.

2Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Pharmacy Practice Division, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, POLAND.


Background: Changing societal expectations towards pharmacy graduates and increased focus on communication skills, interprofessional collaboration and pharmaceutical care in their curricula, point out necessity of using new educational techniques to introduce pharmacy students to more practical elements of their future profession. Purposes: The aim of presented study was to introduce and discuss the simulated patient method (SP-method) and indicate potential areas of its implementation into pharmacy curriculum, in terms of qualifications of graduates, on the example of Polish legislation. Methodology: PubMed and Google Scholar databases were searched to identify full text English language articles on application of the SP-method in educational scenarios, with particular emphasis on pharmaceutical education. Additionally, the new Ordinance of the Polish Minister of Science and Higher Education, defining educational standards for undergraduate pharmaceutical education, was analysed in search of learning outcomes that could be achieved and verified using the SP-method. Given that the Bloom’s cognitive domain can be supported with cheaper educational methods, presented study focused mainly on practical skills. Results: The key findings suggest that the SP-method allows to accomplish many skill-based learning outcomes defined in the undergraduate pharmaceutical curriculum. Potential areas of its implementation include: enhancing communication skills, patient counselling skills, patient education and pharmaceutical care, teamwork and interprofessional collaboration. Conclusion: Pharmacy students, similarly to their colleagues studying medicine or nursing, should be given opportunities to learn using the SP-method.

Key words: Simulated patients, Pharmacy students, Pharmaceutical education, Pharmaceutical curriculum, Practical skills.



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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.


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