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Published on:Oct 2016
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2016; 50(4):591-597
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.50.4.11

Synthesis and Antimalarial Activity Evaluation of Some Mannich Bases of Tetraoxane-Phenol Conjugate


Authors and affiliation (s):

Gogoi Jinky, Chetia Dipak, Kumawat Kumar Mukesh, Rudrapal Mithun

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh, Assam, INDIA.

Abstract:

A new series of seven Mannich bases of tetraoxane-phenol conjugate as possible antimalarial compounds were synthesized and evaluated in vitro for their antimalarial activity. All the synthesized compounds exhibited good antimalarial activity against the CQ-sensitive strain (RKL-2) of P. falciparum. Compounds with 3-indolyl and phenolic substituent’s showed considerably superior activity than rest of the synthesized tetraoxane derivatives in the series, with IC50 values 8.19 μg/ml and 5.30 μg/ml, respectively. The activity was, however, less than that of the standard reference drug, CQ (IC50 0.04 μg/ml). Three selected compounds were also screened for the activity against a CQresistant strain (RKL-9) of P. falciparum, which was also found good with IC50 values 41.77 μg/ml, 39.87 μg/ml and 34.59 μg/ml for compounds having phenyl, furan-2-yl and 4-pyridyl substituent’s, respectively in the Mannich base component of the conjugated tetraoxane-phenol scaffold. The activity against CQ-sensitive strain of P. falciparum was better as compared to the activity seen against resistant strain. Results clearly indicate that Mannich bases of tetraoxane-phenol conjugate with bulky aromatic/heteroaromatic groups possess antimalarial potential both against CQ-sensitive and –resistant strains of P. falciparum.

Key words: Mannich base, Tetraoxane, Endoperoxide, Plasmodium falciparum, Resistant malaria.

 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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